The most common fracture resulting from a minor fall is the distal radius (wrist) fracture. Forearm and elbow fractures are also very common. Lower extremity fractures can also result from falls, twisting injuries and other minor trauma. Broken bones in the feet, ankles, legs and thighs commonly occur as a result of trampolines and sporting activities like soccer and football.

Diagnosis/ What to Look For:

Pain and swelling are the most common symptoms of a broken bone. In younger children with minor lower extremity fractures, an inability to bear weight or walk is often times the only symptom.

Your child’s doctor will need to get an x-ray of the injured area to help make the diagnosis.


In simple terms, the objectives in treating a broken bone are to make it straight and hold it still until it heals. Both of these objectives can often be obtained by placing the injured arm or leg in a cast. Occasionally, your pediatric orthopedic surgeon will recommend that that the fracture be treated surgically.



Sports injuries result from sporting activities that involve running, cutting, jumping and throwing. They most commonly occur in older children and adolescents, but can happen in younger children as well.  Minor strains, sprains, bumps and bruises are commonplace on the fields of friendly strife, but more serious injuries such as broken bones, dislocations and ruptured ligaments (ACL tears) can occur as well.

Diagnosis/ What to look For: 

Pain, swelling, limping or inability to continue playing are signs that an injury has occurred. The team’s athletic trainer is usually well equipped to diagnose and treat minor injuries.  If your child’s team does not have a trainer, or your child continues to complain of pain, or inability to continue playing, you should seek medical attention from your pediatrician or pediatric orthopedic surgeon.


Treatment for sports injuries is highly dependent on the location and severity of the injury, and can range from simply resting the injured area, to surgery.

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